[GRG] Don’t Live Next to an Airport Landing Runway

To Members and Friends of the Los Angeles Gerontology
Research Group:  I lived
directly under the LAX landing path for three years. I’m so glad I moved
to be near by UCLA. 
Fine particle dust from jet engines can destroy one’s lungs causing COPD
as well as other conditions.  — Steve Coles

“Planes’ Exhaust Could Be Harming
Communities up to 10 Miles from LAX”

A plane flies overhead as Joe Mejia, 21, left; Derick Montes, 6; and
Leonardo Armenia, 14, play in Lennox. A new study has found high levels
of potentially harmful particles in communities up to 10 miles east of
LAX. (Francine Orr/Los Angeles Times)Dan Weikel,
Tony
Barboza

contact the reporters
Environmental
Pollution

Environmental
Issues

Los Angeles International
Airport

Air
Pollution

Santa Monica
Airport

Environmental Politics
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frameborder=”0″ height=”250″
width=”300″>Thursday, May 29, 2014;  ‘This confirms what we have
been saying all along,’ activist says of study’s findings on jets’ air
pollution. Extensive new study finds takeoffs and landings at LAX are a
major source of potentially harmful particles. Ultrafine particles from
jets’ exhaust are being emitted over a larger area around LAX than
previously thought. High levels of potentially harmful exhaust particles
from jets using Los Angeles International Airport have been detected in a
broad swath of densely populated communities up to 10 miles East of the
runways, a new
air quality study reported Thursday.The
research, believed to be the most comprehensive of its type, found that
takeoffs and landings at LAX are a major source of ultrafine particles.
They are being emitted over a larger area than previously thought, the
study states, and in amounts about equal in magnitude to those from a
large portion of the county’s freeways.  It further concludes that
areas affected by aircraft exhaust at major airports in the U.S. and
other parts of the world might have been seriously underestimated.
 
    Building on earlier air quality studies, environmental
and preventive medicine experts from USC and the University of Washington
found concentrations of the wind-driven particles over a 23-square-mile
area that includes cities and unincorporated areas along LAX’s flight
paths, including Lennox, El Segundo, Inglewood and parts of Los
Angeles.
    The findings raise health concerns, researchers say,
because the minute particles, which result from the condensation of hot
exhaust vapor from cars, diesel trucks and aircraft, have the potential
to aggravate heart and lung conditions, including asthma and the
development of blocked arteries.
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     Less than one-thousandth the width of a human
hair, they can go deep in the lungs, make their way into the bloodstream
and spread to the brain, heart, and other critical organs. While
emissions of slightly larger exhaust particles are regulated, ultrafines
are not.
     “This is a very novel and alarming set of
results,” said Ralph Delfino, a Professor of Epidemiology at UC
Irvine who studies the health effects of air pollution and reviewed the
study. “It’s all very, very surprising.”
    Officials at the region’s air quality agency, the
South Coast Air Quality Management District, said there is little they
can do to reduce pollution from airports because they do not have the
power to regulate aircraft emissions. They have suggested to other
agencies, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, that the
nation should have a standard for ultrafine particles, as exists in
Europe.This is a very novel and alarming set of results. – Ralph
Delfino, UC Irvine epidemiology professor
    Researchers found some of the highest particle levels
­ [6 – 8]x above normal ­ within a few miles of the nation’s
third-busiest airport. Some readings almost 10x above normal were
encountered in pockets closest to LAX. Levels up to twice the norm were
detected at 10 miles out.
    The affected area starts at the ends of the airport’s
four runways and fans out across an urban-scape that contains low-income
neighborhoods and sections also affected by noisy overflights.
    The extent of the pollution is so large that it
challenges previous assumptions that roadways are the most significant
pollution threat to urban residents. In some communities, the study
states, many people may be exposed to a greater amount of particle
pollution living downwind from LAX than from residing near highways.

OK… so realistically what are they going to do?… in actuality there
are gradations of existence it is as real as math… how about not wasting
money on things you have little chance of correcting till the things you
can fix have been corrected.

    Researchers calculated that it would take between
[174 and 491] miles of freeway traffic ­ or about [20 to 50]% of the
highways in Los Angeles County ­ to generate levels of pollution
equivalent to those detected East of LAX.
    “We rightly spend a lot of time worrying about
schools and homes that are close to freeways, but here’s a huge source of
ultrafine particles that we’ve apparently missed,” said Scott Fruin,
a Professor of Preventive Medicine at USC’s Keck School of Medicine who
led the research.
   The bulk of the study was conducted last year, when
scientists spent weeks taking measurements from two vehicles filled with
air quality monitoring devices. They drove north-south routes through
residential streets and major thoroughfares, measuring pollution
concentrations at increasing distances from the airport.
 
    Maria Munoz waters her garden as an airplane passes
overhead in Lennox. The broad swath of area surrounding LAX where high
levels of potentially harmful ultrafine particles have been found is
larger than previously thought. (Francine Orr/Los Angeles
Times)
    “We kept looking for the end of the impact and
never really found it,” Fruin said. “We never reached a point
far enough downwind that we didn’t measure” particles from
LAX.
     Residents of cities along the heavily traveled
flight paths said the new study validates their long-standing complaints
that LAX is a significant source of air pollution in their neighborhoods,
where jet exhaust has covered their homes, cars, and outdoor furniture
with soot.  “This confirms what we have been saying all
along,” said Diane Sambrano, a community activist who lives in
Inglewood. “We’ve been called every name in the book for
complaining. Yet we know what we are talking about.”
    The study’s conclusions are consistent with earlier
work that found elevated levels of ultrafine particles near LAX and Santa
Monica Airport, a general aviation facility. The latest research,
however, recorded significant concentrations of the pollutant at much
greater distances from LAX.
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    In addition to ultrafine particles, researchers
detected similarly high levels of other emissions, including smog-forming
gases called nitrogen oxides and black carbon, a major component of soot
found in engine exhaust.
    “My biggest concern is for people in and near the
airport,” said Denny Schneider of Westchester, President of the
Alliance for a Regional Solution to Airport Congestion. “We have
identified something that is not just a boogeyman, but a real issue. Now
we have to find out how to stop it.”
    Philip Fine, the Air District’s Assistant Deputy
Executive Officer, called the study’s findings “novel and
compelling” and said they make a strong case for addressing the
emissions.  “It will perhaps push toward further controls,
hopefully, and further regulation,” he said.dan.weikel@latimes.comtony.barboza@latimes.com

L. Stephen Coles, M.D., Ph.D., Co-Founder
Los Angeles Gerontology Research GroupURL:
http://www.grg.org
E-mail: scoles@grg.orgE-mail:
scoles@ucla.edu

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About Johnny Adams

My full-time commitment is to slow and ultimately reverse age related functional decline to increase healthy years of life. I’ve been active in this area since the 1970s, steadily building skills and accomplishments. I have a good basic understanding of the science of aging, and have many skills that complement those of scientists so they can focus on science to advance our shared mission. Broad experience Top skills: administration, management, information technology (data and programming), communications, writing, marketing, market research and analysis, public speaking, forging ethical win-win outcomes among stakeholders (i.e. high level "selling"). Knowledge in grant writing, fundraising, finance. Like most skilled professionals, I’m best described as a guy who defines an end point, then figures out how to get there. I enjoy the conception, design, execution and successful completion of a grand plan. Executive Director Gerontology Research Group (GRG). Manages Email discussion forum, web site, meetings and oversees supercentenarian (oldest humans, 110+ years) research. CEO / Executive Director Carl I. Bourhenne Medical Research Foundation (Aging Intervention Foundation), an IRS approved 501(c)(3) nonprofit. http://www.AgingIntervention.org Early contributor to Supercentenarian Research Foundation. Co-Founder Geroscience Healthspan Forum. Active contributor to numerous initiatives to increase healthy years of life. Co-authored book on conventional, practical methods available today to slow the processes of aging – nutrition, exercise, behavior modification and motivation, stress reduction, proper supplementation, damage caused by improper programs, risk reduction and others. Fundamental understanding of, and experience in the genomics of longevity (internship analyzing and curating longevity gene papers). Biological and technical includes information technology, software development and computer programming, bioinformatics and protein informatics, online education, training programs, regulatory, clinical trials software, medical devices (CAT scanners and related), hospital electrical equipment testing program. Interpersonal skills – good communication, honest, well liked, works well in teams or alone. Real world experience collaborating in interdisciplinary teams in fast paced organizations. Uses technology to advance our shared mission. Education: MBA 1985 University of Southern California -- Deans List, Albert Quon Community Service Award (for volunteering with the American Longevity Association and helping an elderly lady every other week), George S. May Scholarship, CA State Fellowship. BA psychology, psychobiology emphasis 1983 California State University Fullerton Physiological courses as well as core courses (developmental, abnormal etc). UCLA Psychobiology 1978, one brief but fast moving and fulfilling quarter. Main interest was the electrochemical basis of consciousness. Also seminars at the NeuroPsychiatric Institute. Other: Ongoing conferences, meetings and continuing education. Aging, computer software and information technology. Some molecular biology, biotech, bio and protein informatics, computer aided drug design, clinical medical devices, electronics, HIPAA, fundraising through the Assoc. of Fundraising Professionals. Previous careers include: Marketing Increasing skill set and successes in virtually all phases, with valuable experience in locating people and companies with the greatest need and interest in a product or service, and sitting across the table with decision makers and working out agreements favorable to all. Information Technology: Management, data analysis and programming in commercial and clinical trials systems, and bioinformatics and protein informatics. As IT Director at Newport Beach, CA based technology organization Success Family of Continuing Education Companies, provided online software solutions for insurance and financial professionals in small to Fortune 500 size companies. We were successful with lean team organization (the slower moving competition was unable to create similar software systems). Medical devices: At Omnimedical in Paramount CA developed and managed quality assurance dept. and training depts. for engineers, physicians and technicians. Designed hospital equipment testing program for hospital services division. In my early 20’s I was a musician, and studied psychology and music. Interned with the intention of becoming a music therapist. These experiences helped develop valuable skills used today to advance our shared mission of creating aging solutions.
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